Preventing Gang and Youth Violence: Spotting Signals of Risk and Supporting Children and Young People
The Early Intervention Foundation has been working with the Home Office to produce these reports with the aim of helping local areas make more informed decisions about (i) how best to identify those children and young people who may be at risk of involvement in gangs or youth violence, and (ii) what types of programmes or interventions appear to work or not to work in preventing involvement in gangs and youth violence.
The first report is a review of risk and protective factors based on academic studies which followed individuals, often from early childhood and collected data on risk variables at regular intervals to identify which ones correlate most strongly with later outcomes. The second report looks at the features associated with effective and ineffective interventions in delivered in the UK and abroad and examines what the evidence tells us about how best to respond to these risks.
This work was conducted by the Early Intervention Foundation and aimed to summarise the common features underpinning effective programmes.
Comments on our Preventing Gang and Youth Violence report:
Rebekah Sutcliffe, Assistant Chief Constable, Greater Manchester Police, said:
“Fully understanding the circumstances that lead to young people becoming involved in violence, gang activity or serious crime is essential if we are to continue to improve the way we work together with communities and other agencies to improve outcomes for young people and reduce harm in communities. I look forward to using this research to inform our response under the banner of Challenger in Greater Manchester.”
Andy Rhodes, Deputy Chief Constable, Lancashire Constabulary, said:
“All too often we see the devastating impact of gang involvement on young people, their families and their friends. We know there are opportunities to prevent gang involvement early, and this report shows us how. Shining examples such as the Glasgow Violence Reduction Unit show us what is possible when committed professionals work together with families, communities and researchers to change attitudes, behaviours, and ultimately save lives. To achieve this, WE need to change our attitudes and commit to long-term early intervention with a shared purpose to protect young people using the knowledge and good practice available.”
DCI Richard Neville, Metropolitan Police Service:
“As the Chair of the local Gang Multi-Agency Panel, the recently published EIF paper on preventing gang and youth violence is extremely useful and will inform a new area of work to prevent young people joining gangs.”