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EIF report

The best start at home: What works to improve the quality of parent–child interactions from conception to age 5 years?

A rapid review of interventions

This report presents the results of a comprehensive investigation into the range of early intervention programmes in the UK for 0 to 5 year olds and their families.

Full report





It considers interventions that enhance parent-child interaction with a view to improving three important outcomes: attachment and parental sensitivitysocial and emotional development; and language and communication.

The report was written by researchers at the Dartington Social Research Unit, University of Warwick and Coventry University.

This review is a first examination of the evidence. We have drawn mainly on the published evidence we have found through rapid review of peer-reviewed literature.

About the author

Dr Nick Axford

Nick is a member of the EIF evidence panel.