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Reducing parental conflict: Outcomes framework

This outcomes framework outlines the relationships between risk factors associated with harmful conflict between parents, and a range of outcomes from exposure to interparental conflict affecting children at all ages.

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This outcomes framework highlights what risk factors can influence interparental conflict and, ultimately, affect child outcomes. The risk factors fall into three categories – relating to individual parents, the parental relationship, and the family or economic circumstances – which in turn are associated with the central risk, of children being exposed to harmful conflict between parents. The outcomes fall into four categories: social & emotional, physical, cognitive, and behavioural. 

As well as the framework diagram itself, the document includes a summary of the evidence underpinning the framework, and a review of the symptoms and measurement tools which might be used to assess the impact of interparental conflict.

This is a revised version of the first outcomes framework which was published in March 2019. You can read more about the updated framework in a blog by framework contributor Dr Virginia Ghiara.

About the contributors

Dr Virginia Ghiara

Virginia is a research officer at EIF.

Miriam Sorgenfrei

Miriam is a research officer at EIF.

Ben Lewing

Ben is assistant director, policy & practice, at EIF.